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ERIC Number: ED056437
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1971
Pages: 115
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
The Retarded Child and His Family: The Effects of Home and Institution.
Fotheringham, John B.; And Others
To determine the extent of family stress from having a retarded child in the family, two groups of retarded children, some mongoloid, (age range 4 to 19 years) and their families were compared in a longitudinal study. An institutionalized group of 116 children was compared with a community group of 38 children matched for age. Family functioning was measured primarily by the Family Functioning Scale, which was used to rate each family (excluding the retarded child) on home and household practices, economic practices, social activities, health and health practices, care and training of children, family relationships, and individual behavior and adjustment. Results indicated that children admitted to institutions were more stressful to their families in that their social maturity level was lower and they demonstrated more socially disruptive behavior than did those children who remained at home during the study year. Families that institutionalized their children were found to be of a lower economic status than those families keeping their retarded children at home. Those families institutionalizing their children did not improve in terms of their measured levels of family functioning. Child functioning in the two living situations was found to be comparable. (CB)
Ontario Institute for Studies in Education, 252 Bloor Street West, Toronto 5, Ontario, Canada ($2.75)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A