ERIC Number: ED056362
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1971-Aug
Reference Count: 0
Conditions Leading to the Use of Retaliation. Final Report.
Three separate laboratory studies were conducted to determine the conditions under which a person reciprocates a past favor and retaliates a past harm. The first study utilized the framework of equity theory (Adams, 1965) and predicted that when faced with inequity due to the generosity or stinginess of another, one means of reducing the inequity would be to reciprocate the other's generosity or retaliate his stinginess. It was concluded that people will reciprocate a favor and retaliate harm, but prefer situations in which reciprocation and retaliation are not needed. The 2nd and 3rd studies focused on the joint effects of the intentions and the actual behavior of helper (0) on the reciprocation and retaliation of person (P). The results showed reciprocation to be based solely on O's actual behavior, with no effect at all for O's intent. The 3rd study was carried out to test the reactance theory interpretation of the failure of O's intnetions to be reciprocated. The findings showed that both O's intent and the outcome of O's actual behavior were determinants of reciprocity, but that intent and behavior do not summate into a total level of reciprocity. (Author/TA)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Office of Education (DHEW), Washington, DC. Bureau of Research.
Authoring Institution: Iowa State Univ. of Science and Technology, Ames.