ERIC Number: ED056361
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1971-Aug
Reference Count: 0
The Influence of Contextual Change on Remembering in Short-Term Memory. Final Report.
Falkenberg, Philippe R.
If the contextual similarity between learning and recall within a single trial in a short-term memory (STM) paradigm is varied, recall varies proportionately. This context effect was demonstrated using variations of the Peterson-Peterson (1959) paradigm for both aurally and visually presented material, verbal and arithmetic context, and within and between Ss designs. Experiments were conducted to discover whether the context effect was due to differential ability to rehearse in the recall interval, differing intertrial intervals, and different amounts of activity on the Ss part during a trial. None of these hypotheses was supported by the data. An experiment was conducted to find out if proactive interference was the cause of the context effect, and this also turned out negative. An explanation of the effect on the basis of stimulus generalization is proposed. (Author)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: National Center for Educational Research and Development (DHEW/OE), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: Wake Forest Univ., Winston Salem, NC.