ERIC Number: ED056101
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1971-Sep
Reference Count: N/A
Providing Wide Ranging, Diversely Organized Pools of Instructional Objectives and Measures. Final Report.
Popham, W. James
This report describes a two-year project designed (1) to develop collections of measurable instructional objectives and related assessment procedures, (2) to devise methods for improving quality control of such materials, and (3) to consider alternative schemes for categorizing these objectives and related measures. As a consequence of the project, 28 separate collections of instructional objectives and related test measures were produced, in all, over 2,000 objectives and more than 7,000 test items to measure these objectives. During the period of the project's existence, well over 30,000 separate collections had been distributed to American educators. Regarding quality control, both reviewer-based and "selection-assistance" strategies were used during the project to improve the quality of objectives. In particular, the situation-assistance strategy involving ratings of extant objectives by various clienteles, e.g., students, parents, and teachers, was extensively field tested. For test items, both a priori and a posteriori procedures were employed with certain advantages noted for each. An extensive analysis of competing classification schemes failed to yield any markedly innovative category systems which appeared particularly useful. Nonetheless, recommendations were reached for revised classifications of objectives in the various collections, chiefly on the basis of more limited numbers of content general objectives. (Author)
Descriptors: Classification, Educational Objectives, Educational Planning, Elementary Education, Field Studies, Information Retrieval, Information Storage, Instructional Improvement, Parent Attitudes, Quality Control, Rating Scales, Student Attitudes, Study Skills, Teacher Attitudes, Test Construction
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: National Center for Educational Research and Development (DHEW/OE), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: California Univ., Los Angeles.