ERIC Number: ED056058
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1971
Reference Count: N/A
Prophecy Effects and Tutorial Instruction for the Disadvantaged Child.
Pellegrini, Robert J.; Hicks, Robert A.
The study measured the effects of attempted manipulation of tutors' expectations on the intellectual growth of their pupils. Tutors were given spurious information, allegedly based on testing, as to current and predicted intellectual fucntioning of their pupil. The experimental sample was comprised of 44 tutor-child pairs, with 11 paris assigned at random to each of three expectation conditions: High, Average, and Low. The possibility of selective coaching was tested by including a second High expectation condition in which tutors were familiarized with the criterion measures. The WISC Similarities subtest and the PPVT were administered to the children before and after seventeen weeks of tutoring. Significantly greater PPVT gains were achieved by children whose tutors had been familiarized with the tests than by children in all other conditions. There were no other significant differences between the groups on either measure. (Author)
Descriptors: Academic Ability, Academic Achievement, Disadvantaged Youth, Economically Disadvantaged, Expectation, Intelligence Quotient, Low Achievement, Lower Class Students, Mexican Americans, Student Characteristics, Student Teacher Relationship, Teacher Attitudes, Testing, Tutorial Programs, Tutoring, Tutors
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Assessments and Surveys: Peabody Picture Vocabulary Test; Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children