ERIC Number: ED056055
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1971-Feb
Reference Count: N/A
Development of an Observational Rating Schedule for Preschool Children's Peer-Group Behavior.
Cunningham, Jo Lynn; Boger, Robert P.
The feasiblity of an observational rating scale which would provide objective, reliable and quantifiable measures of social and affective behavior was investigated. The Observation of Socialization Behavior (OSB), focusing on peer-group behavior of pre-school children and designed for use in unstructured situations was developed. Two forms of the instrument, one for use with videotaped interaction sessions, and the other for live classroom situations, were developed. A combination time-and event-sampling procedure was used and behavioral events were recorded at twenty-second intervals. Observers were trained by videotaped interaction segments, and computation of observer reliability is explained. Investigations provide favorable indications of the validity of the instrument for measuring peer-group behavior of pre-school children. It is concluded that the instrument is useful, flexible, and applicable to early childhood psychometry. (LR)
Descriptors: Affective Behavior, Behavior Patterns, Behavior Rating Scales, Classroom Observation Techniques, Cultural Background, Evaluation Methods, Group Behavior, Interaction Process Analysis, Measurement Instruments, Peer Groups, Preschool Children, Socioeconomic Background, Student Behavior, Test Reliability, Test Validity
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Office of Economic Opportunity, Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: Michigan State Univ., East Lansing.