ERIC Number: ED056002
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1971
Reference Count: 0
Individualization in Schools: The Challenge and the Options.
National School Public Relations Association, Washington, DC.
The first chapter of this report discusses the concept of individualization and identifies four general types: 1) individually diagnosed and prescribed instruction; 2) self-directed instruction; 3) personalized instruction programs; and 4) independent study programs. The U.S. Office of Education's PREP (Putting Research into Educational Practice) study of 46 schools is discussed in some detail in connection with pupil diagnosis; scheduled and unscheduled time; grading and report cards; student achievement; evaluation; and the reactions of teachers, students, parents; and school board members to individualization. The remainder of the document considers the following eight examples of approaches to individualization, which include all the major systems now available for implementation in schools: 1) Program for Learning in Accordance with Needs (PLAN); 2) Individually Prescribed Instruction (IPI); 3) Individually Guided Education (IGE); 4) Individualized Mathematics System (IMS); 5) Programmed Logic for Automated Teaching Operations (PLATO); 6) the Duluth plan for individualization; 7) Miami Springs "Personalized Learning;" and 8) Hawaii independent study program. Lists of participating schools are included for items 1, 2, and 4. (MBM)
Descriptors: Individualized Instruction, Individualized Programs, Programed Instruction, Self Directed Classrooms, Teaching Methods
National School Public Relations Assoc., 1201 16th Street, N.W., Washington, D.C. 20036 (Stock No. 411-12792; Single copy $4.00; discounts on quantity orders)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: National School Public Relations Association, Washington, DC.
Note: "Education U.S.A." Special Report