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ERIC Number: ED055984
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1966
Reference Count: N/A
Influence of Social Class on Students' Evaluations of Their teachers. Appendix D.
Jackson, Mary Lynn; Fuller, Frances F.
The Pupil Observations Survey Report (POSR), a 38-item rating scale, was administered to pupils of 26 female student teachers in secondary schools. Social class origin of the teachers was assessed using the short form of the McGuire-White Index of Social Status. Pupil social class was operationally defined in terms of the social class of the neighborhood from which pupils were drawn. Pupils' POSR responses were factor analyzed using Kaiser's varimax rotation technique and yielded nine orthogonal factors. The factor scores of 128 pupils--seven males and seven female randomly chosen from each of eight classes evenly divided between lower and middle class--were submitted to analysis using a triple classification analysis of variance design. Results showed the female pupils tended to perceive teachers as more confident or poised. Middle class pupils rated teachers as more pleasant and effective than did lower class pupils. Lower class pupils tended to like teachers in personal terms more than did middle class pupils. Lower class pupils tended to perceive all teachers as more authoritarian. Lower class teachers were evaluated as more authoritarian by all pupils but especially by lower class pupils. Pupils seemed to prefer a teacher of a different social class except in evaluation reflecting effective communication. There, teachers of the same social class as pupils were rated higher. [Related document is ED 028 148.] (Author/RT)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Office of Education (DHEW), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: Texas Univ., Austin. Research and Development Center for Teacher Education.