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ERIC Number: ED055953
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1971-Aug
Reference Count: 0
Family Communication Environment and Citizenship Norm Acquisition.
Sheinkopf, Kenneth G.
This paper summarizes a study on how interpersonal communication patterns within the family affect the political socialization of the child specifically, the acquisition of norms for adult citizenship roles. The data was collected in a 1968 survey of 1300 families in five eastern Wisconsin cities. One child from each family completed two self-administered questionnaires, and one parent was interviewed afterward. A wide range of political and socioeconomic groupings were provided for, and the sample was about equally divided between junior high and senior high adolescents. The analysis tests the hypothesis that a family communication environment combining a weak socio-relations orientation with a strong concept-orientation, pluralistic home, will stimulate a greater degree of anticipatory socialization than other types of environment. The other types are: 1) protective families which stress socio-relations or restrictions at the expense of concept-relations; and, 2) consensual families where the child is constrained to develop concepts that are consonant with existing socio-relations. The results show that pluralistic students expect that social norms will involve a greater level of political participation. Students from homes where concept orientation is emphasized tend to think that these obligations will be expected of them; socio-orientation tends to be unrelated to the level of norm learning. Concept and socio-orientation were positively related to the learning intensity measures. (Author/SBE)
Descriptors: Adolescents, Citizenship, Democratic Values, Family Communication, Family Environment, Family Influence, Family Relationship, Family (Sociological Unit), Parent Student Relationship, Political Attitudes, Political Socialization, Secondary School Students, Social Attitudes, Social Relations
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: National Science Foundation, Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: Wisconsin Univ., Madison. School of Journalism and Mass Communication.
Note: Paper presented at a Meeting, Association for Education in Journalism, Columbia, South Carolina, August, 1971