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ERIC Number: ED055781
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1971-Feb
Pages: 18
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: 0
Discussion Strategies and Student Cognitive Skills.
Abraham, Eugene C.; And Others
This study compared the effects of two specific post-laboratory discussion strategies in science on the development of the four cognitive skills of observation, inference, verification and classification. The two strategies were: (1) teacher-dominated, in the form of organized lectures based on the data students had collected; and (2) student-dominated, in that students evaluated their own results and justified all inferences they made. The sample consisted of eight groups of sixth grade students, four from an urban school and four from a suburban school. The discussions were analyzed using the "Classroom Observational Record," and students' ability in the four skills were assessed using the "Inguiry Skill Measures." Analysis of variance indicated that strategy (2) resulted in a significantly greater gain in the quantity and quality of student inferences than did strategy (1). In the suburban school, strategy (2) was better than strategy (1) in developing observation, but the reverse was found in the urban school. No conclusions could be drawn concerning the skills of verification and classification. (Author/MM)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the 1971 American Educational Research Association Meeting, New York City, February 5, 1971