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ERIC Number: ED055731
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1971-Apr-21
Pages: 9
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: 0
Comprehension of Full Length and Telegraphic Prose Among Braille Readers.
Martin, Clessen J.
A fictional story was written in three versions: (1) traditional prose of 1,620 words, (2) medium telegraphic form of 947 words, and (3) highly condensed telegraphic form of 455 words. Two hundred and ten braille readers from grades 6 to 9 were assigned to one of the three treatment versions. Nine groups were formed on the basis of comparable age, IQ, and reading achievement. Within each group assigned to a particular version, one group was assigned to one of the three recall conditions: set relations, multiple choice, and reconstruction. Recall was measured immediately after reading the assigned version and again 1 week later without rereading the passage. Analysis of the data revealed that for the set relations groups, versions 1 and 2 read at significantly higher rates that version 3 (88.86 and 75.40 compared to 46.53 words per minute). For the multiple choice groups, versions 2 and 3 read significantly slower than version 1. For the reconstruction groups, version 3 read significantly slower than version 1. Results of all three recall conditions revealed little difference among the versions with respect to recall (either immediate or delayed) of the essential information in the passages, with one exception--the inferior performance of version 3 subjects on the common multiple-choice items during the delayed recall task. Tables and references are included. (AW)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the meeting of the International Reading Association, Atlantic City, N.J., Apr. 19-23, 1971