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ERIC Number: ED055727
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1971-Apr
Pages: 12
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: 0
Reading Skills of Afro- and Mexican-American Students.
Arnold, Richard D.
Thirty-two Afro-American and 50 Mexican-American seventh graders were randomly selected from a school located in a central Texas low socioeconomic environment. The subjects were administered the New Developmental Reading Tests, The Silent Reading Diagnostic Tests, and The California Short-Form Test of Mental Maturity. When the two groups were compared, results from variance analyses indicated (1) there were no significant differences on all total test and subtest scores, (2) the Mexican-Americans averaged 4.29 months older, and (3) the Mexican-American group averaged 2.62 more children in the family. Chi-square analyses showed that (1) the Mexican-American group had more male heads of family (p<.01), (2) the Afro-American group had more broken homes (p<.01), and (3) there was no significant difference in terms of welfare assistance. The average scores of both groups ranged from 1/2 to 3 1/2 years below grade level except for visual analysis and syllabication. Both groups achieved higher scores for visual analysis than for phonics knowledge and for nonlanguage IQ than for language IQ. The author concluded that since both groups exhibit similar profiles in reading subskills, they could both profit equally from comparable instruction. Tables and references are included. (AW)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the meeting of the International Reading Association, Atlantic City, N.J., Apr. 19-23, 1971