ERIC Number: ED055291
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1971-Apr
Reference Count: 0
Personality Attributes and Preference for Group versus Individual Work Situations.
Johnson, Charles D.
Reported relationships between individual characteristics and group performance have been weak, but Davis (1969) and Johnson (1970) found that a subject's stated preference for working alone or in a group was associated with differences in group performance. In the present study, preference for group or solo participation was examined in relation to personality measures that focus on interpersonal behavior. On the Fundamental Interpersonal Behavior Organization and Maudsley Personality Inventory Scales, individuals stating a preference for groups consistently scored in the direction of greater social responsiveness and extraversion than individuals preferring solo participation, and were more amenable to attempts by others to exercise control in social interaction. Ratings of such subjects by their co-participants in group decision-making were highly intercorrelated, the most extravert subjects being most likeable. Furthermore, subjects preferring group to individual decisions were found to be more socially responsible. Choice of a work setting in an ambiguous situation may be associated with interpersonal stances that individuals consistently wish to adopt. (Author/KS)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Wisconsin Univ., Milwaukee.
Note: Paper presented at Eastern Psychological Association Annual Meeting (42nd, New York, N. Y., April 15-17, 1971)