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ERIC Number: ED055160
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1969-Sep
Pages: 71
Abstractor: N/A
Women in the World of Work.
Wolfe, Helen Bickel
To provide research about women's work values and how these values may be related to specific demographic variables, questionnaires were mailed to 4,003 women in New York State. The six work values under investigation were identifiable psychological needs: (1) dominance-recognition, (2) mastery-achievement, (3) economic, (4) independence, (5) social, and (6) interesting activity. The demographic variables chosen to be linked with the work values were marital state, age, educational attainment, employment status, career pattern, socioeconomic class, and field of work. Analysis of 1,871 returns revealed that the values which women seek from work are linked to specific demographic variables. The only value which consistently crossed all demographic variables and is, therefore, considered the central work value for women was the mastery-achievement value. The two least important work values were dominance-recognition and economic. The results of this study have many implications for the guidance and counseling profession, such as: (1) the work values of men and women differ, (2) women need to derive a sense of accomplishment and satisfaction from their work, and (3) women seek work to fulfill their social needs. A sample of the questionnaire is appended. (Author/SB)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: New York State Education Dept., Albany. Div. of Research.