ERIC Number: ED054934
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1970-May
Reference Count: 0
A Pilot Study on the Use of Small-Group Discussion in a Mathematics Course for Preservice Elementary School Teachers. Final Report.
Thoyre, Henry Howard
Reported are the results of an investigation of the effects of small-group discussions in mathematics classes for preservice elementary school teachers. The content of the course included modern algebraic and geometric concepts. Both classes were taught by the same instructor and studied from the same set of understanding of the interdependence of all segments of the total environment. allotment: review lecture (5 minutes), class discussion (10 minutes), new material lecture (10 minutes), and class discussion (25 minutes). The "small-group" class used this allotment: review and new material lecture (10 minutes), small-group discussion (30 minutes), and class discussion (10 minutes). The size of the discussion groups alternated weekly between three and four students. Group composition was randomly determined. Group leadership was rotated daily. The following measures were analyzed: (1) computational skills, (2) achievement on examinations of independent reading ability in mathematics, (3) attitude toward mathematics, and (4) overall course achievement. The differences which were analyzed and found to be significant included: (1) the post-test measure of computational skills for the small-group class was better (.05) than the pretest measure, (2) the independent reading measure for the upper half of the small-group was better (.01) than that of the upper half of the lecture class. Other differences found between criterion measures were not significant. (Author/RS)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Office of Education (DHEW), Washington, DC. Bureau of Research.
Authoring Institution: Wisconsin State Universities Consortium of Research Development, Stevens Point.