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ERIC Number: ED054858
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1971-Apr
Pages: 10
Abstractor: N/A
Use of the Peer Group in the Socialization of the Isolate Child.
Levison, Cathryn A.
This study was designed to evaluate the effectiveness of peers in reducing the isolation of preschool children who exhibited very little or no interaction with peers. Selection of subjects was made on the basis of quantity of verbal behavior and amount and quality of classroom play. In a 15-minute dyad play situation which maximized the opportunity for dramatic play, children who dispensed social rewards at a relatively high rate were paired with those children who received and dispensed rewards at a low rate. Observers recorded 9-minute samples of the occurrence or non-occurrence of cooperative, parallel or solitary play, and verbal interactions initiated by or directed toward the subjects. The results are charted for four dyads. Ongoing work with isolated children has indicated that as a child becomes the recipient of positive reinforcement from his peers, the child's classroom behavior changes, and increases in both verbal interaction with others and cooperative play occur. Findings suggest that teachers may restructure classroom groups to counteract environmental factors that maintain the behavior of the isolate child. (Author/AJ)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the meeting of the Society for Research in Child Development, Minneapolis, Minnesota, April, 1971