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ERIC Number: ED054725
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1971-Apr
Reference Count: 0
Do Low Grades Cause College Students to Give up?
Thayer, Robert E.
The thesis that low grades cause college students to give up receives some support from early psychological research and from current reinforcement theories. This study investigates the effects on subsequent grades of low, average, and high first-exam grades for 192 students in a traditional grading system and 52 students in a pass-fail grading system. When regression effects were eliminated, it was found that students receiving D's and F's dropped out significantly more than other students, but low-graded students who continued the course did better on a later exam. Relative to others, students receiving A's on the first exam did significantly better on a second exam. Students in the pass-fail system did not show any significant effects from first exam grades, but overall they received significantly lower grades than those on the traditional grading system. The results, though inconclusive, support grading systems that minimize low grades and maximize high grades. (Author/AF)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: California State Coll., Long Beach.
Note: Paper presented at the annual meeting of the Western Psychological Association, San Francisco, Cal., April 1971