ERIC Number: ED054641
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1971
Reference Count: 0
Adolescents, Parents, and Television Violence.
Chaffee, Steven H.; McLeod, Jack M.
Three hypotheses could explain a positive correlation between violence viewing and social aggressiveness in adolescents: 1) Heavy exposure to television (TV) violence somehow reinforces or induces aggressive tendencies; 2) An aggressive child is more likely to be attracted to violent TV programs; 3) Some third factors exist which could cause both violence viewing and aggressiveness. Data gathered for this study as well as other research in the area suggest that the first is preferable to the other hypotheses. Also, when third factors, defined for this study in terms of the family and parent-child interaction, were controlled, the correlations between violence viewing and aggressiveness persisted. Assuming that the first hypothesis is a parsimonious explanation for this correlation, are there "control mechanisms" which could modify the causal link postulated in the first two hypotheses? Of four possible controls proposed in this study, only parental control of aggression was found both to be a reasonable alternative and to reliably reduce the violence viewing and aggression correlation. (SH)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: National Inst. of Mental Health (DHEW), Bethesda, MD.
Authoring Institution: Wisconsin Univ., Madison. School of Journalism and Mass Communication.
Note: Paper presented at the Symposium, "The Early Window: The Role of Television in Childhood," American Psychological Association Convention (Washington, D.C., September 1971)