ERIC Number: ED054591
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1970
Reference Count: 0
A Comparison Between Standard Instruction and Reinforcement Program for the Trainable Retarded. Research and Development Report, Volume IV, Number 3.
Ayllon, T.; Barnes, Jarvis
Three studies were conducted to compare standard instruction with reinforcement programs for the trainable mentally retarded (TMR). In the first study, 24 TMRs were matched into two groups, with one group participating in a 6-week academic program having token reinforcement and the other group continuing in a standard teaching program. Statistical analysis of pretest and posttest scores on a standardized test revealed significant improvement (t equals 2.55, significant at .01 level) for the experimental group, while the control group showed no improvement during the 6 weeks. The second study was designed to determine the role of reinforcement on performance on the criterion test. Findings revealed that both TMR groups in the first study showed score improvement when tested with consequences of maximal reinforcement for correct performance. The third study involved a duplication of the second study, but with normal students. The results showed statistically significant increases in scores achieved with maximal reinforcement consequences for correct performance. (CB)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Bureau of Elementary and Secondary Education (DHEW/OE), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: Atlanta Public Schools, GA. Communication Skills Labs.