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ERIC Number: ED054566
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1971
Pages: 20
Abstractor: N/A
Effect of Contingent Reinforcement on Reading Performance with Primary Special Education Children.
Buckholdt, David; And Others
A positive reinforcement system was designed to see if reinforcement procedures, proven effective in modifying a wide range of disruptive classroom behaviors, would be effective for children who are not particularly disruptive but who work so slowly and ponderously that they fail to make satisfactory academic progress. Subjects were five such slow learners, ages 7-9 years, who, because of measured IQs of 65-80, were in a special remedial class. Reading, using the Sullivan Programed Reading Series, was selected as the remedial experimental task. An ABAB reversal design was used to test effectiveness of reinforcement system in accelerating rate of working in the readers, defined as number of correct responses per day. In A or baseline conditions, students worked on programed reading frames without extrinsic reinforcement, while in B conditions individual reinforcement contingencies were set (points exchangeable for store items). It was found that number of correct responses per daily 20-minute period was accelerated over baseline while accuracy remained high in condition B. When performance contingencies were withdrawn, performance deteriorated, but recovered when contingencies were reinstated. (KW)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the American Educational Research Association Convention (New York, New York, February, 1971)