ERIC Number: ED054440
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1971
Reference Count: 0
Negroes in the White-Collar Labor Market: Training, Employment, and Attitudes.
Petshek, Kirk R.
This study, designed to explore the differences in the experiences of white and Negro workers in obtaining and retaining employment in the white-collar labor market, utilized an extensive questionnaire and structured-interview techniques. A survey was made of a random sample of 250 respondents (164 whites, 83 Negroes, and 3 Others) from three sources. Findings of the study are: (1) Few of the activities normally assumed to lead to successful employment experience proved to have a significant correlation with success in the labor market. (2)Virtually the same percentage of white and Negro workers were either married or had never been married. (3) Negro expectations of discrimination seem to make them doubt their chances with the result that they tend to enter the labor market later and to establish themselves more slowly. (4) Negro workers relied more than whites on the Employment Service for job referrals, but differences in the use of alternative methods was not as great as expected. (5) The training activities in the vocational schools seemed to contribute to generally more favorable employment records of those who took these courses voluntarily; it appears that on-the-job training is more successful than other types. (6) There is a similarity between the races in relation to employment success and school activities. (7) Social intercourse between workers was the same for both Negro and white. (DB)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Wisconsin Univ., Madison. Center for Studies in Vocational and Technical Education.
Authoring Institution: Wisconsin Univ., Madison. Industrial Relations Research Inst.