ERIC Number: ED054372
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1971
A Comparison of Two Approaches to Developing an Understanding of Industrial Enterprise at the Eighth Grade Level.
Gebhart, Richard H.
The purpose of this study was to ascertain the relative effect of two instructional approaches upon students' understanding of industrial enterprise. Specifically, the study attempted to ascertain the extent to which two differing instructional approaches affected (1) information achievement, (2) attitude, (3) retention of technical information, and (4) the differential effect upon students of differing abilities. Five classes of eighth grade industrial arts students from schools in Wisconsin were used for each of the two instructional approaches. The experimental factor which was varied for the two groups was the student activity. In Group A, the enterprise approach, activities were designed for groups rather than individuals, and a student developed only those skills needed to perform functions in which he was involved. In Group B, the project approach, activities were designed for individuals rather than groups and all students developed similar skills. The findings indicated that a significant difference was found between achievement of students when the A and B approaches were used with approach A being more effective, that no significant difference was found in any of the schools, and that the study failed to reveal a significantly superior instructional approach for promoting greater retention of content related to the development of an understanding of industrial enterprise through industrial arts. (Author/GEB)
Descriptors: Academic Ability, Achievement Gains, Doctoral Dissertations, Grade 8, Industrial Arts, Industry, Instructional Improvement, Retention (Psychology), Statistical Analysis, Student Attitudes, Student Characteristics, Teaching Methods, Technical Education, Technology
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Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Ed.D. Dissertation, Missouri University