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ERIC Number: ED053905
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1971-Jun
Pages: 50
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: 0
Modification of the Reading Process by Behavioral Techniques. Final Report.
Bernstein, Melvin A.
Behavior modification techniques were used in teaching reading to 181 disadvantaged Negro third graders. Students were divided into four groups--traditional reading with and without intermediate awards (chips with which they could purchase personal awards) and programed reading with and without intermediate awards. The Sullivan Remedial Reading Program was used for the programed reading groups. Students were pretested and post-tested on the Metropolitan Achievement Tests to compare reading achievement. Data indicated (1) that the traditional reading group with rewards did significantly better than the programed reading group with rewards and (2) that groups with rewards did significantly better than groups without rewards. An interaction effect was found which suggested some reward intrinsic to programed reading. Post-test deterioration of traditional reading students not receiving intermediate rewards was observed. The implications of the study for instructional approaches are discussed at length. Tables, an extensive bibliography, and a list of activities students chose to exchange for chips are included. (AL)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: National Center for Educational Research and Development (DHEW/OE), Washington, DC.