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ERIC Number: ED053867
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1971-Apr-22
Pages: 15
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: 0
The Effect of Two Different Reading Programs on Culturally Disadvantaged College Freshmen.
Ratekin, Ned
The effects of a 10-weeks program in reading skills instruction or study skills instruction on culturally disadvantaged college freshmen in improving reading and academic performance were studied to identify optimum programs for particular students. Subjects were 60 entering freshmen scoring at or below the 30th percentile on the Iowa Silent Reading Test and 60 control subjects. Three criteria, grade point average (GPA), difference between expected and actual GPA, and a reading test residual gain score, were used to examine several null hypotheses. It was concluded that (1) there was a significant difference between the instructional and control groups on all three variables; (2) according to GPA analysis, achievement favored the rural students; (3) there was no difference in the effectiveness of the two modes of instruction; (4) however, some difference of effectiveness may have been hidden by grouping students of different backgrounds; (5) reading instruction appeared to be more helpful for urban students and study skills for rural; and (6) study skills should follow reading skills for urban students. Tables and references are included. (BM)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the meeting of the International Reading Association, Atlantic City, N.J., Apr. 19-23, 1971