ERIC Number: ED053686
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1971-Jun-1
Reference Count: 0
Reform and Resistance.
Hefferlin, JB Lon
This article is the 7th in a series of AAHE research reports. It summarizes research that has been done on academic reform and the resistance to it and speculates what this research implies for future practice. Academic or curricular change is first of all organizational change and colleges and universities are organized and run in such a way as to prevent interference, meddling, and rapid change. Like other organizations, they change as the result of pressure for change, and they adapt their operations to retain equilibrium. The major variables that determine this process of adjustment are: (1) individual, and refer to the advocates interested in change; (2) environmental, and refer to the resources available for change; and (3) structural, and refer to the openess of institutions to change. There are two alternative paths for reform: (1) change the structure from within; and (2) leave the institution and establish a competitive institution that embodies one's views. The most effective reformers ride the crest of reform, and the 1970's seem propitious for effecting curricular change. (AF)
Descriptors: Curriculum Development, Educational Change, Higher Education, Literature Reviews, Research
Publications Department, American Association for Higher Education, One Dupont Circle, Suite 780, Washington, D.C. 20036
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Kellogg Foundation, Battle Creek, MI.
Authoring Institution: American Association for Higher Education, Washington, DC.