ERIC Number: ED053574
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1970-Apr
Reference Count: 0
Effects of State Anxiety and Programming Variables on the Computer-Assisted Learning of College Students. Final Report.
O'Neil, Harold F., Jr.
Two studies were devised to test the relationship between response mode, trait and state anxiety, and achievement in a computer-assisted instruction (CAI) course containing both familiar and technical materials. In the first study, 148 subjects were divided into four response mode conditions: reading (R), covert, modified multiple choice, and constructed response (CR). All subjects were given a pretest, several administrations of two anxiety scales, the CAI administered material, and a posttest. Results showed that high trait and high state anxiety were associated; the CR group had significantly higher anxiety scores on technical materials; and the CR and R groups performed at the same level on technical materials, perhaps because the CR group was made more hostile by the length of time required to learn the materials. For the second study, 128 students were divided into four groups: reading-short, reading-long, constructed response-short, and constructed response-long. Procedures were the same, with the addition of a hostility measure. The findings of this study were similar to those of the first study: High trait and state anxiety were associated, and the CR groups had higher levels of anxiety and hostility and poorer performance on technical materials than the R groups. (SH)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Office of Education (DHEW), Washington, DC. Bureau of Research.
Authoring Institution: Florida State Univ., Tallahassee. Computer-Assisted Instruction Center.