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ERIC Number: ED053420
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1971-Apr
Reference Count: 0
Use of Leadership Powers in Industry: A Replication and Further Study.
Silverman, Arnold I.; And Others
In Businesses, leaders control an array of delegated powers that are valued or required by followers. The present study is concerned with the power holder, and is an examination of factors influencing a supervisor's use of delegated power when attempting to correct subordinate behavior. In a previous study, conducted in a non-union setting, use of power was found to be influenced by personal factors such as self-confidence and experience as a supervisor. In this study, one aim was to conduct it in a union setting; another aim was to determine if the race of the subordinate influenced the supervisors' use of powers. Findings included that (1) supervisors' use of delegated powers is strongly influenced by personal and situational factors; and (2) conflict may be intensified when employees are unionized. Hence, within an industrial setting, the presence of unions may foster employee independence. This independence is viewed by management as reflecting a lack of compliance and poor attitudes, which in turn evokes coercive responses for management. (Author/TA)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Temple Univ., Philadelphia, PA.
Note: Speech given before Eastern Psychological Association Annual Meeting (42nd, New York, N.Y., April 15-17, 1971)