ERIC Number: ED053406
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1971-Apr
Reference Count: 0
Moral Decision Making: Cheating on Examinations.
Smith, Charles P.; And Others
Two achievement-related motives are considered: (1) the motive to achieve so as to obtain a sense of accomplishment; and (2) the motive to avoid failure in order to avoid the negative feelings that accompany failure. It is hypothesized that a student with high achievement motivation should seek the satisfaction of earning a good grade and should tend not to cheat, but rather to prepare for an examination. Motivation to avoid failure is hypothesized to be positively related to frequency of cheating and negatively to advance preparation for an examination. Preliminary studies to determine whether satisfactory self-report measures of cheating could be devised are described. The method, which utilized 44 male and 68 female undergraduates, is described and included administration of a group thematic apperceptive measure of Need for Achievement, the Test Anxiety Questionnaire, and a questionnaire on cheating. Information on age, sex, religion, draft status and grade-point-average was requested, and an index of previous cheating frequency obtained. Among the numerous results, modest support for the hypotheses was provided where male students, but not female students, are concerned. (TL)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: City Univ. of New York, NY.
Note: Paper presented at Eastern Psychological Association Annual Meeting (42nd, New York, N.Y., April 15-17, 1971)