ERIC Number: ED052600
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1970-Feb
Reference Count: 0
Current Issues in the United States Regarding CAI.
Bunderson, C. Victor
Two issues inhibit full utilization of computer-assisted instruction (CAI). The first of these issues concerns authorship of CAI programs. Should it be left with classroom teachers or given to specially trained instructional design teams? The latter approach is preferable for "mainline" systems (those systems that are specifically designed to teach a complete course), and the former is better for "adjunct" systems (those that supplement a teacher's regular course). Instructional software design teams can provide a full range of information, such as documentation and justification, a management plan for development, and heuristics for quality control that are useful for supplemental programs but almost indispensable for full-scale or mainline systems. The second issue concerns whether CAI should emphasize discovery learning or carefully controlled programs (expository instruction). Studies have shown that bright students do better with discovery learning, but that average or below average students learn more from expository instruction. For slower students, programs may use discovery techniques within the context of more carefully structured, ordered programs. (JK)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Advanced Research Projects Agency (DOD), Washington, DC.; National Science Foundation, Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: Texas Univ., Austin. Computer-Assisted Instruction Lab.
Note: Speech given at the Conference on Computers and Education, University of Bari, Italy, October, 1970