ERIC Number: ED052352
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1968
Reference Count: 0
An Evaluation of the Ability of Amputees to Operate Highway Transport Equipment. Final Report.
McFarland, Ross A.; And Others
To document the driving experience of amputees and to test whether amputees differ from non-amputees in the operation of a simulated motor vehicle, related literature was reviewed, a comprehensive study of private motor vehicle operation by amputees was carried out, and 100 persons (20 non-impaired, non-commercial drivers, 20 non-impaired, commercial drivers, and 60 amputees) were tested on a vehicle simulator to study the physical components of steering and braking. In addition, the amputees were interviewed by a psychiatric social worker. The clinical interviews revealed a universal presence of chronic depression among the amputees. The experimental tests indicated that there was no evidence that amputees who were able to pass conventional driver licensing tests have greater accident frequencies than do unimpaired persons. The vehicle simulator experiments revealed that, with appropriate power assists, unilateral orthopedic impairment should not necessarily impair driving performance. On the basis that orthopedically impaired persons usually have a high degree of motivation to succeed as safe drivers, it was recommended that the driving abilities of impaired persons be reappraised according to their overall ability to operate vehicles in interstate commerce. (SB)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Vocational Rehabilitation Administration (DHEW), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: Harvard Univ., Boston, MA. School of Public Health.
Note: Study performed by the Guggenheim Center for Aerospace Health and Safety of the Harvard School of Public Health