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ERIC Number: ED052202
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1970
Pages: 107
Abstractor: N/A
Contrastive Analysis of the Language Structures of Three Ethnic Groups of Children Enrolled in Head Start Programs.
Rockey, Randall Earl
Compensatory education for disadvantaged preschool children includes, as one of its central components, a planned intervention program which is to provide the deprived child with linguistic skills comparable to those acquired naturally by children with a middle-class background. The hypothesis guiding the design and implementation of this study was that ethnicity also contributes to language differences. The speech of economically disadvantaged Negro, Seneca Indian, and Caucasian four-year-old children was analyzed and contrasted to determine those grammatical parameters that serve to identify the language of each of the three populations as dialectal variants. Ten were selected from each group; each child was attending a Head Start program. A fourth group of 10 children was selected from a middle-class white population to provide a standard measure against which the three deprived groups could be contrasted. These children were attending nursery school. A focused interview was developed to elicit a corpus of spontaneous, but guided, speech from each of the 40 subjects. It consisted of an hour and a half of subject-interviewer interaction based on a variety of activities. The verbal performance of the child was recorded and subsequently transcribed for linguistic analysis. In general, the four groups were similar in linguistic performance more consistently than had been anticipated. (Author/CK)
University Microfilms, A Xerox Company, Dissertation Copies Post Office Box 1764, Ann Arbor, Michigan 48106 (Order No. 71-13,1817: MF $4.00, Xerography $10.00)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Ph.D. Dissertation, Cornell University