ERIC Number: ED051638
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1970-Dec
Reference Count: 0
An Experimental Study to Examine the Responses of Sixth Grade Students to Programmed Art Instruction and Evaluative Instruments Designed to Correspond to Selected Ability Trait Variables.
Force, Lorraine S.
A study was conducted to determine the relationship between motor and verbal ability traits, instructional treatments, and test instruments. Two programed instruments were developed to teach art concepts to sixth grade students. One instrument, termed manipulative, used a programed text with objects and artifacts that the students handled during instruction. The other instrument, termed non-manipulative, used a programed text with pictures of objects and artifacts used in the manipulative instrument. Two tests were developed to measure learning achievement. One test was a series of "fill-in-the-blank" questions; the other test required the students to use clay to demonstrate their understanding of the art concepts. When these instruments were used with 112 out of 516 students who had been identified as having either high-verbal-low-motor or low-verbal-high-motor ability traits, it was found that there was no significant correlation between short-term learning and instructional treatment. However, significant correlations were found between retention and instructional treatment and between testing methods and ability traits. One practical classroom application of the results is that it is important for the means of demonstrating learning (testing) to be related to the individual student's ability traits. (JY)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Office of Education (DHEW), Washington, DC. Bureau of Research.
Authoring Institution: Appalachian State Univ., Boone, NC.