ERIC Number: ED051602
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1970
Reference Count: 0
Attitude Behaviors Toward Mentally Retarded Persons: A Cross Cultural Analysis.
Jordan, John E.
Used in a cross-cultural study was the Attitude Behavior Scale-Mental Retardation (ABS-MR), designed to examine aspects of attitude-behaviors that are invariant, culturally determined, object determined, or situation determined, and multivariate relationships between these components. Data on structure, content, and determinants of attitudes of over 3,000 persons in seven countries were gathered. Concentrated upon were four groups: special education rehabilitation workers, regular teachers, parents of the retarded, and parents of the non-retarded. The instrument consisted of a facet theory derived six level attitude scale and questionnaire. Data are analyzed in terms of the relationship of attitude to the following predictor variables: values, knowledge of retardation, amount of contact with retarded, religiosity, age and education, openness to change, group membership, and multidimensionality. Data showed that attitudes at the action-behavior levels have an affective-value-contactual basis rather than a cognitive-knowledge one. Data also proved that the ABS-MR attitude-levels do exhibit a simplex structure, that selected variables are effective predictors of attitude-behaviors, that the ABS-MR can differentiate between groups having different degrees of favorableness of attitude, and that it is cross-culturally equivalent and comparable. (KW)
Descriptors: Attitudes, Behavior Rating Scales, Foreign Countries, Mental Retardation, National Surveys, Parent Attitudes, Public Opinion, Research Projects, Social Attitudes, Teacher Attitudes
John E. Jordan, College of Education, Michigan State University, East Lansing, Michigan
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Office of Education (DHEW), Washington, DC. Cooperative Research Program.
Authoring Institution: Michigan State Univ., East Lansing. Coll. of Education.