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ERIC Number: ED051349
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1971-Apr
Pages: 14
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: 0
America, a Pluralistic Community: A Myth or Fact.
Johnson, Norman J.
The "assimilation perspective" on minority group relations in America distort empirical reality because of two hidden assumptions. First, divergence or difference is recognized at an earlier point--only to be corrected by equalization of opportunity. The second tends to view the "new world"--the assimilated--as homogeneous. The cumulative effect of the Civil War was to lead to a legal perception of the black man as a person, while the social perception of him as property persisted with behavior tending toward the latter. The second world, however, would have emerged apart from this discrepancy--in part because black men came to the U.S. in chains. Every black family must teach its young and help them to develop a strategy to cope with being black in America. It is clear now that strategies of culture deprivation--compensatory education, Head Start, Upward Bound, etc.--are doomed to fail. The failure comes as a result of the belief that the attitudes, feelings, and behaviors of blacks are pathological deviations from a superior white life style. The emergence of a "black life style" is, however, a result of social reality. Deviance and deprivation are misleading constructs, implying that blacks can be something they cannot be, namely white. [Because of the print quality of the original, this document will be only marginally legible in microfiche and xerox hard copy.] (Author/JM)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the annual convention of the International Reading Association, Atlantic City, N.J., April 20-22, 1971