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ERIC Number: ED050914
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1971-Apr
Pages: 17
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: 0
An Analysis of Sixth Grade Pupil's Ability to Use Context Clues in Science and Social Studies.
Olson, Arthur V.
The ability of sixth-grade students to use context clues for identifying unknown words in science and social studies reading materials and the types of context clues most frequently used are examined. The 30 subjects from three white, middle-class urban schools missed 50 percent or more of the words on a prevocabulary test. The subjects read two articles in Reader's Digest Reading Skill Builder and then selected the correct meanings of 75 words taken from the articles. The Vocabulary-Context Aid Test was used to determine how well the subjects used six types of context clues (direct explanation, experience or familiar expression, comparison and contrast, synonym, summary, and reflection of mood or situation). Results of the study showed that (1) 13.3 percent of the subjects correctly identified 75 percent or more of the words, (2) 96.7 percent identified at least 50 percent of the words, (3) all subjects correctly identified at least 40 percent of the words, (4) experience or familiar expression was the context clue used most frequently, (5) summary was the context clue used least frequently, and (6) 32 percent of the subjects used the clues that the examiners had expected them to use. Tables and references are included. (VJ)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the meeting of the International Reading Association (16th Annual, Atlantic City, N.J., Apr. 19-23, 1971)