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ERIC Number: ED050689
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1971-Apr
Pages: 9
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: 0
Client-Based Patterns for Reforming Graduate Education.
Lane, Frederick S.
A recent study of doctoral programs in ten prestigious universities by Ann Heiss found that graduate students tend to be committed to their academic fields, attracted to the world of ideas, independent-minded, and concerned about the relevance of their disciplines to social problems. The study also found that graduate schools tend to be a stress-filled environment where the emphasis was rarely on teaching or learning, where the educational process was often dehumanizing, and where the fixation on grades and credits corrupted the meaning of graduate study. Since real education is self-initiated and continual rather than a system of classification and production based on external compulsion, and since the primary responsibility for learning rests with the individual rather than the institution, it is imperative that graduate education be changed and become student or client-based. This paper proposes six client-based patterns for graduate student participation in the academic decisionmaking that most affects them. These are: (1) self-determination of program; (2) student course initiation; (3) student involvement in planning course structure; (4) client evaluation of the educational system; (5) a graduate studies committee for the systematic investigation of the program; and (6) the replacement of the department by the academic commune as the learning unit of the school. (AF)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
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Language: N/A
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Note: Paper presented to the Annual Conference of the National Association of Schools of Public Affairs and Administration, Boulder, Colorado, April 16-18, 1971