ERIC Number: ED050665
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1971-Feb-5
Reference Count: 0
Student Perceptions as a Function of Reinforcement and Expectancy Conditions.
Bridgeman, W. J.
This paper describes a laboratory experiment which was a replication and extension of an earlier study, both of which are part of an effort to synthesize the findings of two somewhat different approaches to the study of interpersonal attraction. The first of these approaches is a secondary reinforcement interpretation and in general assumes a positive linear relationship between social reinforcement and social attraction. The second approach is a "cognitive consistency" interpretation and generally is not so explicit about functional relationships between consistency factors and interpersonal attraction. The hypotheses tested in this study were: (1) that the function relating reinforcement frequency to interpersonal attraction will be nonlinear for each of the two levels of expectancy; and (2) that the point of maximum attraction for the group with the higher reinforcement expectancy value will be reliably greater than for the group expecting the lower level of reinforcement. The subjects for this study were 210 male volunteers from campus ROTC units, who principally met in groups of four and were assigned to treatment groups at random. The activities were divided in three phases: (1) preexperimental interaction, (2) the experimental activity, and (3) postexperimental debriefing. The findings supported the first, but not the second hypothesis. (AF)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: American Educational Research Association, Washington, DC.
Note: Paper presented at the 55th Annual Meeting of the American Educational Research Association, New York, February 5, 1971