ERIC Number: ED050552
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1970-Nov-15
A Study of the Cognitive and Affective Outcomes of a Collegiate Science Learning Game.
Harvey, William L.
A science education game, called "Challenge," was developed and tested. In a course designed to review the concepts that are useful in teaching elementary school science, one group of black graduate students used the game while a control group used the conventional lecture-discussion format. The game was designed to allow the player an opportunity to relate his knowledge of science to elementary classroom situations. A role-playing design was used to give the students practice in expressing scientific concepts using their own words. The results of analysis of variance comparisons indicated that the experimental gaming group had significantly superior posttest results in achievement in science, attitude toward science, confidence in science, and in the learning of the specific concepts that were taught in the game. It was found that individual personality and background characteristics could differentially predict the posttest measures and that low achievers in science benefited most from the gaming strategy. Their achievement posttest scores nearly matched those of the high achievement group. Thus, the learning game reduced differences in achievement that were detected on the pretest while raising the achievement mean for the entire group. (JY)
Descriptors: Achievement, Background, Black Students, Comparative Analysis, Conventional Instruction, Educational Games, Elementary School Science, Games, High Achievement, Individual Characteristics, Low Achievement, Predictor Variables, Role Playing, Science Instruction, Science Teachers, Statistical Analysis, Student Attitudes, Teacher Education, Teaching Methods
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Office of Naval Research, Arlington, VA. Personnel and Training Research Programs Office.
Authoring Institution: Florida State Univ., Tallahassee. Computer-Assisted Instruction Center.
Note: CAI Center Tech Report Number 17