ERIC Number: ED050424
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1971-Mar
Reference Count: 0
Visual and Auditory Memory in Children. Report from the Project on Variables and Processes in Cognitive Learning.
Wolff, Peter; Wilder, Larry
In the serial position memory task, a series of stimulus cards are placed face down in a row in front of the subject. A card identical to the stimulus card is then shown to the subject, who is required to indicate the position of this card in the stimulus array. The present three studies investigated the possibility that the labeling effect found with children is at least in part a modality effect similar to that found with adult subjects. As in previous research with subject-produced labels: (1) addition of the label facilitated performance only for the recency portion of the list; (2) this effect did not vary systematically with age; (3) memory for the first serial position improved markedly between the ages of 5 1/2 and 6 1/2; (4) labels alone were superior to pictures at the end of the list, but pictures were superior to labels at the beginning; and (5) combined picture and label presentation appeared to follow the curve for pictures at the beginning of the list and that for labels at the end. The results are discussed in terms of modality and mediation effects in children's short-term memory. (Author)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Office of Education (DHEW), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: Wisconsin Univ., Madison. Research and Development Center for Cognitive Learning.