ERIC Number: ED050385
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1969-Oct
A Developmental Study of Conceptual, Semantic Differential, and Acoustical Dimensions as Encoding Categories in Short-Term Memory. Final Report.
Pender, Nola J.
The purpose of this research was to investigate developmental changes in encoding processes. It attempted to determine the extent to which children of varying ages utilize semantic (denotative or connotative) and acoustical encoding categories in a short-term memory task. It appears to be a reasonable assumption that as associational hierarchies become more complex and category distinctions become more precisely defined, encoding processes will also manifest definite modifications. The assumption underlying the present research is that when a person hears a word he encodes it into a number of different psychological categories. When a number of words are encoded into the same category within a short period of time, inter-item interference occurs and depresses recall. If a subsequent group of words are coded into a different category, inter-item interference is minimized and recall is facilitated. (Author)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Office of Education (DHEW), Washington, DC. Bureau of Research.
Authoring Institution: Northwestern Univ., Evanston, IL.