ERIC Number: ED050379
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1971-May
Applying Operant Conditioning Principles to the Management of Organizations.
DeVries, David L.; Jablonsky, Stephen F.
Following Walter Nord (1969), the present article contains a predictive model of individual behavior based on both operant conditioning and management literatures. The behavior of an organizational member is seen as a function of the reinforcement contingencies applied by various groups in his environment and of his cognitive assessment of such contingencies. Several characteristics of reinforcement contingencies are examined, e.g., positive vs. negative reinforcement, schedules of reinforcement, and immediacy of reinforcement. The model provides a potentially useful scheme for classifying environmental contingencies operating on a member of an organization and for predicting their varied effects on behavior. (Author)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Office of Education (DHEW), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: Illinois Univ., Urbana.; Johns Hopkins Univ., Baltimore, MD. Center for the Study of Social Organization of Schools.