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ERIC Number: ED050098
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1970
Pages: 184
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
An Investigation of the Contribution of Machine-Based Instruction to Performance of Preschool Disadvantaged Children in Certain Language Skills.
Alsworth, Philip Lindell
Ninety preschool disadvantaged children participated in a study investigating the effect of instruction using the Language Master machine, a device which uses selected word cards to teach basic language skills (e.g., completing verbal analogies, expressing ideas orally, relating perceptually similar pictures, and increasing hearing vocabulary.) Two experimental groups received instruction two times a week for 6 weeks, while two other experimental groups were taught intensively four times a week for 3 weeks. Two control groups received no machine-based instruction. All children were pre- and post-tested by the "Peabody Picture Vocabulary Test" and three subtests of the "Illinois Test of Psycholinguistic Abilities." The two experimental groups which received intensive instruction and one control group were administered retention tests 6 months after instruction ended. Some of the findings indicated that (1) machine-based instruction influenced positively children's language skills, and (2) examination of long-term retention revealed a closing of the performance gap between the control and experimental groups. Further investigation of such machine-based instruction, including specific follow-up activities, seems warranted. (Author/JMC)
University Microfilms, A Xerox Company, Dissertation Copies Post Office Box 1764, Ann Arbor, Michigan 48106 (Order No. 70-22,098, MFilm $4.00, Xerography $10.00)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Ed.D. Dissertation, State University of New York at Buffalo