ERIC Number: ED050092
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1969
Reference Count: N/A
The Relationship Between the English Language Abilities and Home Language Experiences of First-Grade Children, from Three Ethnic Groups, of Varying Socioeconomic Status and Varying Degrees of Bilingualism.
Gordon, Susan B.
This study attempts to determine relationships between the home experience and English language abilities of first grade children from three ethnic groups of varying socioeconomic status (SES) and degrees of bilingualism. The sample consisted of 155 first graders from Navajo and Pueblo Indian communities and from rural Spanish American homes who were grouped according to their SES and Language Model Type (language spoken in the home). Scores were given each child for such language modeling sources as the mother, older siblings, and television, and for such language modeling contexts as speech correction and normal social situations (mealtime) as well as for the total interaction of source and context in his home. These scores were analyzed, and findings indicated that (1) language modeling, which varied with ethnicity, SES, and Language Model Type, was predictive of English language ability, (2) the quantity of verbal interaction in the home increased with acculturation and particularly with SES, (3) a significant relationship existed between the English language ability of the child and the language modeling by the mother, and (4) since mother-child interaction is a middle-class phenomenon, programs should be instigated to promote verbal interaction, acculturation, and SES in non-middle-class homes. (Author/JB)
Descriptors: American Culture, American Indians, Biculturalism, Bilingualism, English, Ethnic Groups, Family Environment, Family Influence, Grade 1, Language Acquisition, Language Fluency, Language Skills, Second Language Learning, Sociocultural Patterns, Socioeconomic Status, Spanish Americans
University Microfilms, A Xerox Company, Dissertation Copies Post Office Box 1764, Ann Arbor, Michigan 48106 (Order No. 70-16,385, MFilm $4.00, Xerography $10.00)
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Note: Ph.D. Dissertation, The University of New Mexico