ERIC Number: ED049932
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1971-Feb
Reference Count: 0
A Framework for the Study of Instruction in Mathematics. Science, Technology, and Instruction: A Rationale for an Instructional Research and Development Strategy.
Heimer, Ralph T.; Lottes, John J.
Scientific Method rather than trial and error methods should be used to search for instructional algorithms. The Scientific Method is discussed with implications for this purpose. Suggested is the inclusion of theoretical and technological foundations in formulating instructional theory. Conditions needed for adequate instructional research are: satisfying the essential conditions of scientific theory and use comprehensive strategies. Conditions necessary for an adequate instructional system presented are: (1) if instructional problems overlap, construct useful sets of generalizations for solving classes of instructional problems, (2) represent the instructional system as a theory, (3) the system must be capable of replication. An illustration encompassing the research methodology presented is included. Presentation of equivalent fractions through the mode of graphics is discussed. A symbolic language was developed and examples of statements utilizing this language are presented. Using a Gagne' type learning hierarchy, an instructional sequence was designed (although not reported) to achieve selected instructional objectives (also not reported). (JG)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: State Univ. of New York, Geneseo. Coll. at Geneseo.; Pennsylvania State Univ., University Park.
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Educational Research Association (February 4-7, 1971, New York City, N.Y.)