ERIC Number: ED049876
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1970
Reference Count: 0
An Overview of Research on Bilingualism.
Taylor, Marie E.
The research presented in this document "relates to many questions about bilingualism which educators need to explore." First, 4 degrees of bilingualism are listed which refer to levels of proficiency: (1) The immigrant learns English via his mother tongue and English is used infrequently; (2) The immigrant speaks both his native tongue and English but his mother tongue is still dominant; (3) The languages function independently of each other; and (4) English replaces the mother tongue in all but the most private domains. As noted, a synthesis of previous research done on related factors points to language aptitude as being a combination of many skills. Strong personal motivation appears to be required for any individual to acquire a second language. Verbal IQ and motivation seem to be the most important factors in predicting success in learning a foreign language. While the new methods of teaching languages do not show the advantages often claimed, they are no worse than the old methods; however, some research supports the hypothesis that Spanish-speaking pupils are better able to learn when they use their native language and have systematic instruction in English as a second language. A 66-item reference list is included. (MJB)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Office of Education (DHEW), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: California State Dept. of Education, Sacramento.