ERIC Number: ED049840
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1970-Nov-19
Reference Count: 0
Neighborhood Family Day Care as a Child-Rearing Environment.
Emlen, Arthur C.
The field study reported examined the attitudes and behavior of working mothers and their neighborhood caregivers (nonrelatives). Data were obtained from interviews with 104 mother-sitter pairs, 39 of whom were friends when the arrangement began, and 65 of whom were strangers. The dynamics of mother-sitter relations prove to be dramatically different for the two groups. Between women who already know each other, friendship is apparently the bond that holds the day care arrangement together. Dissatisfactions may involve strains centering around status, dominance, and interpersonal issues, but may be tolerated because of friendship. By contrast, those who start out as strangers tend to develop a system of mutual satisfactions not associated with degree of friendship although friendship may later develop. Motivation for caregivers who sit for strangers was found to be personal role satisfaction, as well as economic. The goals and methods of the Day Care Neighbor Service, a 2-year demonstration project, are described. Through a creative use of consultation, social workers reach "day care neighbors" who, in turn, help potential users and givers of day care to find each other and to make satisfactory arrangements. The social impact of the service is discussed. Tables are included. (NH)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Office of Child Development (DHEW), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: Portland State Univ., OR.
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the National Association for the Education of Young Children, Boston, Massachusetts, November 19, 1970