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ERIC Number: ED049825
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1971-Feb-12
Pages: 29
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
State as Variable, as Obstacle and as Mediator of Stimulation in Infant Research.
Korner, Anneliese F.
This paper is a discussion of the different contexts in which the concept of the infant's state is used in infant research. The infant states discussed are: regular sleep, irregular sleep, drowsiness, alert inactivity, waking activity, and crying. Also included are hunger periods and indeterminate states, those instances in which an infant's state does not clearly meet the criteria of any of the other states. A brief summary of neonatal studies which explore both innate and experiential factors affecting behavior and development of newborns is given. Without controlling for state, infant studies may yield both false positive and false negative results. State can be considered a variable, the primary focus of research rather than an intervening factor. Research in the area of state proposed included those dealing with distinctness, predictability, range, and flexibility of state. State may also be a mediator of stimulation. In studies assessing the effects of early stimulation, it is important to determine which types of stimulation are most effective at various developmental stages and the optimal state of the infant during which such stimulation can take effect. Bibliography and tables included. (Author/AJ)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: National Inst. of Child Health and Human Development (NIH), Bethesda, MD.
Authoring Institution: Stanford Univ., CA. School of Medicine.