ERIC Number: ED049707
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1971
Reference Count: 0
Graduate Education in a Decade of Radical Change.
Research Reporter, v6 n1 p5-6 1971
The 1960's saw a great deal of talk about changing the pattern or structure of graduate education, but very little if any action. The 1970's will be radically different, not only because of budgetary constraints, but also because of the oversupply of PhDs and excess capacity. There are three basic factors that contribute to the demand for new faculty: replacement, expansion of higher education, and improvement of the quality of faculty. Only the second factor is crucial to the demand for PhDs, since the other two factors remain relatively constant. The expansion factor depends on the size of the college age group, and this group is growing at a smaller rate, and will shrink by more than 2.75 million in the 1980 to 1988 period. Another factor affecting the expansion of enrollment is the college enrollment and retention rate. Though this has been steadily increasing, this increase will also slow down as it reaches its potential maximum of about 70 percent of the college age population. All this will mean that the demand for college teachers will steadily decline. Graduate schools will have to cope with this situation by cutting back on graduate programs, and exercising stricter controls over graduate enrollments. In addition, it might be advisable to limit federal support for graduate education to 75 selected universities. (AF)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: California Univ., Berkeley. Center for Research and Development in Higher Education.