ERIC Number: ED049706
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1971
Reference Count: 0
Doctoral Planning for the 1970s.
Research Reporter, v6 n1 p1-5 1971
The launching of Russia's sputnik in 1957 caused a reassessment of scientific manpower needs in the U.S. and drastic shortages of all types of highly trained specialists was predicted by 1970. This myth continued until the late 1960's when proposals were still being made to double federal aid for graduate students. Federal aid induced state colleges to embark upon advanced graduate work, and national production of doctorates almost tripled from 1958 to 1969--from 8,942 to 25,734. It is now obvious that in the foreseeable future the excess of doctorates over established needs will be substantial. Five closely interrelated problems are now facing public and private institutions and the states: (1) underwriting the costs; (2) reducing anticipated surplus production; (3) maintaining the quality of the degree; (4) changing the character of some doctoral degree training; and (5) absorbing surplus doctorate holders. There is a need for a careful assessment of basic needs, and a careful allocation of resources to meet them. (AF)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: California Univ., Berkeley. Center for Research and Development in Higher Education.