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ERIC Number: ED049671
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1969
Pages: 13
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: 0
Effects of Contingent versus Non-Contingent Grading on Student Course Work.
Taylor, Robert W.; And Others
To determine the effects of grades on academic performance, 31 graduate students participated in a course which, to avoid the undesirable effects of competition and ambiguity, was designed with specified course objectives and criteria for grades. The students were assigned 4 prescribed experiments that they performed in pairs. They each wrote reports on these experiments according to criteria in a "laboratory manual." The reports were graded either acceptable or unacceptable, with the latter returned to the student for revision. All students' grades were based on overall performance, but 13 students (Group 2) were told that they would receive an incomplete if all 4 experiments were not completed. The other 18 students (Group 1) were given a grade not contingent on completion of all experiments. Results showed that only one student from Group 2 failed to complete the course because of incomplete lab reports, while 9 students from Group I failed to complete the work. In addition, after the first paper, Group 2 had: a smaller percentage of papers requiring revision; a higher percentage of papers meeting criteria; and completed more optional experiments than Group 1. (Author/AF)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: Indiana Univ., Bloomington.; Office of Education (DHEW), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: N/A